Classification of E-Commerce
Following are the types / classification of E-Commerce;
- Business to Business (B2B)
- Business to Consumer (B2C)
- Business to Business to Consumer (B2B2C)
- Consumer to Business (C2B)
- Consumer to Consumer (C2C)
- Mobile E-Commerce
- Location Based Commerce
- Intra Business E-Commerce
- Collaborative Commerce
1. Business to Business (B2B)
Business to Business (B2B) E-Commerce states to online dealings that take place between two businesses. These contacts are made through a B2B portal.
Example of Business to Business (B2B)
A good example of B2B we can say is “Polycom” the company refers to a tagline: ‘Start with what they need’. This tagline has the whole thing to say about the business, it is employed to expand the work of other traders by given that those with answers like video conferencing, audio and cooperative technology. The business has extent around the sphere and vexing to deliver the best. Alongside traditional course-plotting like answers, services, and product offerings Polycom’s very first clickable selection puts visitors’ obverservation and center with a modest phrase: “I need to.” Behind each of those needs lies an origin of media-rich comfortable that goes far away from text on a screen. Videos, original research, guides and whitepapers, webinars, in-person events, detailed spec sheets, and even presentation assets all cater to B2B’s love of self-service.
2. Business to Consumer (B2C)
B2C e-commerce is the interchange of goods/services over the internet between online stores and separate customers. Customer liking for the suitability of online shopping has made e-commerce among the wildest increasing subdivisions of the economy.
Example Business to Consumer (B2C)
Famous and good example of b2c are AliExpress, Booking.com, Amazon which are providing their customers with the best quality and looking after their customer needs. If we take Amazon to explain we can say that it has extent over the sphere by satisfying its customers’ needs and wants by providing the customers an experience a click away. Customers can buy anything they want to by just looking for it and then it is provided at their doorstep, creating convenience over the globe.
It is also called as online retailing which is B2C.
Example of E-Tailing
We can take the example of Amazon here also as it is similar to B2C. Amazon is today one of the largest retailing sites, it has reached here by providing the best e-tailing experience to its customers.
4. Business to Business to Consumer (B2B2C)
B2B2C is an e-commerce model that combines B2B and B2C for a complete product or service transaction.
Example of B2B2C
As we can see B2B2C is a model of E-Commerce so we can refer to an example of a model, Manufacturer + Brick and Mortar Dealer + B2C Customer. This example works great for manufacturers who sell to B2C dealers. It simplifies the buying process for everyone involved, and it ensures that the manufacturer gets customer information. This solution is given by Corevist.com.
5. Consumer to Business (C2B)
An e-commerce model in which individual uses the internet to sell products or service to organization or individuals which seeks sellers to bid on a product/service they needed.
Example of C2B
What are the blog posts bloggers write in review of the product? Isn’t it something related to C2B? Yes, it is related as they provide free samples to the bloggers for which they then write a review/feedback displaying it to public.
6. Consumer to Consumer (C2C)
It facilitates commerce between private individuals, it connects people to do business with one another.
Example of C2C
The most prominent examples of C2C include eBay, an online auction site, OLX.com, also an auction site. OLX.com is used in Pakistan by most of the people where individuals upload the pictures of their things they want to sell and set a price by themselves, then the consumers can have a look and could contact the person selling it in order to purchase the product/service.
It is a technology that enables the network peer computers (nodes) to share data and processing with each other directly.
Example of P2P
The different usages of p2p have evolved over the time which includes instant messaging, file sharing, etc. we can take an example of Skype as P2P usage in VoIP, the bandwidth is shared and the sound or video in real time are shared as resources.
8. Mobile E-Commerce
An e-commerce transactions and activities conducted in a wireless environment.
Example of Mobile E-Commerce
We can take an example of Mobile banking, it is a popular form of mobile commerce because it allows consumers to check their bank account balances wherever they are. Many banks provide a free service that allows customers to check their balance via text message. Applications for smart phones provide alerts when money starts to run low and allow depositors to transfer money without a visit to the bank. Banks in Pakistan like HBL are providing these services. Other examples and usage could be mobile purchases, mobile investment etc. Smart phones have increased the mobile usage.
9. Location based Commerce
A mobile commerce transaction which is targeted to individuals in specific locations at specific times.
Example of Location based Commerce
The usage examples of location based commerce could be providing the basic position through mobile and data usage, Navigation by Google maps, Also you can call out a Careem service in your mobile application and get the cab services at your current location.
10. Intra Business E-Commerce
It includes all internal organizational activities that involve exchange of goods, services or information among various units and individuals as well in an organization.
Example of Intra Business E-Commerce
It is largely due to use of intra-B commerce that today it has become possible for the firms to go in for flexible manufacturing. Use of computer networks makes it possible for the marketing department to interact constantly with the production department and get the customized products made as per the requirements of the individual customer. In a similar vein, closer computer-based interactions among the other departments makes it possible for the firm to reap advantages of efficient inventory and cash management, greater utilization of plant and machinery, effective handling of customers’ orders, and effective human resource management.
It is an intra business network which allows companies to provide products/services to their employees.
Example of B2E
The examples of its applications include: Online insurance policy management, corporate announcement dissemination, special employee offers, employee benefits reporting.
12. Collaborative Commerce
In which individuals or groups communicate or collaborate online.
Example of Collaborative Commerce
C-commerce in practice nowadays is in the form of The Supply Chain Management of a globally organized company has become a Competitive advantage. The next step to being ahead of competitors is an integrated and cooperative value chain. “Point-to-point” relationships via Interfaces will develop to a “many-to-many” crosslink in the New Economy which takes place on an Electronic trading platform.
Learning conducted via electronic media, typically on the Internet.
Example of E-Learning
Within every organization, there is likely knowledge and tools that would help all employees. The issue often lies in how to communicate this information on a large scale, at the point of need.
This example, from Elucidat, is an eLearning project toolkit, which functions as a central hub of information for digital learning producers. The toolkit uses branching to direct each user to the content they need at a particular moment in time. It’s an example of eLearning, but instead of providing an overwhelming number of resources, the toolkit navigates the learner only to what will be most useful to them. In other words, it acts as a ‘signpost’, directing the user to the most relevant tips and tools. As a result, the content is kept short and sweet, which makes it easily digestible for the learner and able to fit into their busy lifestyle.
A public electronic market with many buyers and sellers.
Example of Exchange
We can take an example of Marketplaces based around a specific industry sectors are called vertical marketplaces. Petroleum industry is an example. Those help buyers source goods and services that are largely specific to industries.
Another example is, http://www.globalnetxchange.com(GNX) - e-Business marketplace for the global retail industry established as a joint venture by Sears, Roebuck & Co. and Carrefour and Oracle Corporation. GlobalNetXchange provides a platform for trading partners to collaborate at Internet-speed and services including a global retail goods marketplace, supply chain management, trading partners’ directories and process transformation. Customers like Sears, Carrefour, Metro Group.
A model in which electronic exchanges formally connect to one another for the purpose of exchanging information.
Example of E2E
A common example is a connection between stock brokerage firms' internal systems and systems of a stock market in which the broker trades. These connections are often facilitated by middleware services, such as object request brokers.
In which a government entity buys or provides goods/services/information to other businesses or individuals.
Example of E-Government
E-Government means that public services provided by PA (public administration) institutions are handled electronically with the use of ICT (Information and communications technology). Examples of e-Government - can be various services offered for citizens or businesses or between PA institutions, such as: e-procurement, filling tax returns, renew ID, passport or driving license, apply for extract from the criminal register or commercial register, all the forms and application required for starting business, college application, etc. These services are usually divided into life events (e.g. see: E-Government Gateway). E-Government services can be provided as four following stages: providing information on services, enabling communication with PA, enabling transactions with PA and integrate citizens into public affairs.
November 18, 2018